Ch 15 Legacies of White Privilege
Author’s letter to great grandfather re: racism in families multicultural lineage
Ch 16 Transforming a Racist Legacy
Authors experience in examining racial privilege
Overt and Covert Racism
I struggle with a profound sense of personal discord as I think of these aspects of myself. I want to minimize or deny the violence I participated in. I want to think I’m a good person, but these racist behaviors do not fit that definition.
Ch 20 The Dynamics of a Pro-Racist Ideology
most people don’t consider themselves to be racists; they think of themselves as good people.
Racial Sensitivity – the ability to recognize the ways in which race and racism shape reality. It also involves using oneself to actively challenge attitudes, behaviors, and conditions that create or reinforce racial injustices.
Pro-Racist Ideology – generalized belief that espouses and supports the superiority of Whites. It reinforces the racial status quo whereby Whites are assumed to be more valuable than people of color. Supports a system of opportunities and rewards that consistently privileges Whites while oppressing and subjugating people of color. Often occurs outside the awareness of the perpetrator.
Therapist must assume a more active role in confronting and resisting.
Steps toward greater racial sensitivity: Implications for Therapy
1. Becoming aware that race matters
2. Recognizing the existence of a pro-racist ideology
3. enhancing cross-racial experience – consistent and direct contact with racially diverse people
4. Exploring one’s own racial Identity
5. Challenging Pro-Racist Ideology First in Oneself and then in Others
6. Persisting in Spite of Criticism or Rejection
Ch 21 White Privilege and Male Privilege
“I think whites are carefully taught not to recognize white privilege, as males are taught not to recognize male privilege”
Men may say they will work to improve women’s status, but they won’t support the idea of lessening men’s.
The pressure to avoid white privilege is great, for in facing it I must give up the myth of meritocracy.
Whiteness protects them of many kinds of hostility, distress, and violence.
Ch 22 Dismantling White Male Privilege within Family Therapy
Family therapy: promoters of solution-focused and narrative therapists argue that their approaches offer “neutrality” or “objectivity”, but this overlooks and reinforces oppressive social realities.
Minuchin trivializes the interplay of gender and power at the center of this family’s difficulties.
A therapist who assumes a “neutral” stance pretends that each partner in a couple relationship has equal power, but this actually endorses the oppressive social patterns, including sexism, racism, and homophobia.
White men tend to imagine that if other groups are gaining economic and political power, then we must be losing it.
“power as domination” paradigm – any visible difference ignites a battle for supremacy, there is not place for “both-and” no place for respectful and collaborative bridging across differences.
3 ways people handle difference: Ignore it, Copy it if we think it’s dominant, or destroy it if it’s subordinate.
Therapy based in liberation consciousness works to dismantle the hierarchy of power underlying White male heterosexual privilege.
White men are to understand and intervene in a truly respectful and constructive fashion with families, we must engage in training relationships with women, people of color, and people who are gay and lesbian, in which we can experience a strong measure of accountability.